Long haul trucking is a type of trucking that involves transporting shipments across long distances. It is a task that requires heavy dedication and physical activity. The driver is on the road for days at a time.
Besides the physical demands of the job, long haul trucking is also expensive and time-consuming. Many truckers are on the road for weeks or months at a time, sacrificing family and social time. They spend money on meals, showers, and comfortable beds while away from home.
In recent years, turnover rates in long haul trucking have been high. The market is fragmented and the number of jobs is hard to estimate. However, it is estimated that there are around a few hundred thousand to millions of trucking jobs in the United States.
With the introduction of automation in the trucking industry, the number of drivers may be reduced. If automation can eliminate the need for labor, it is possible that long-haul trucking will be more efficient. This will likely reduce the costs of trucking and possibly increase the demand for freight services.
Currently, the majority of truckers work for long-haul trucking companies. These companies provide their own equipment and contract with other carriers to ship their products. However, the industry is not likely to see a huge increase in demand in the near future. Moreover, the cost of fuel is increasing and budgeting fuel can be difficult.
As a result, many long-haul drivers don’t have homes. Some of them drive cross-country and come home for a week or two at a time. There are also those who keep a regular schedule of trips each week. Those who do not have homes can cut down on expenses by staying in the area and driving less often.
Long-haul trucking has been in decline in recent years, however, due to higher fuel prices and other costs. A number of trucking companies now encourage drivers to become independent contractors. Despite this, most new drivers only last for a year.
Short-haul trucking is an excellent option for people who want to save money. For a single driver, it is possible to travel coast-to-coast in six days. Compared with long-haul, short-haul has fewer on-the-road expenses, and the rules are lenient.
Unlike long-haul trucks, short-haul trucks have a standard daily schedule. Depending on the load, a driver can make as many as four stops per day. This helps to break up the monotony of the road. On top of this, a driver can save on fuel and insurance.
Generally, a heavy haul load is heavier than 80,000 pounds of gross weight. It is more than 53 feet long and 8.6 feet wide. Oversized loads require additional safety precautions, such as a specialized escort crew. Also, they must follow specific route plans and other regulations. Depending on the size of the load, additional permits and engineering surveys may be required.
Lastly, there is a higher skill level required for oversized loads. Drivers must also follow specific times of the day, which can be difficult when they are in motion. Another benefit of this kind of job is the potential for higher compensation.